UTS

Autumn session, 2017


Australian Constitutional Law 2017

41 pages

12,035 words

$39.00

4

Description

A full summary of constitutional notes form 2017. The notes have been drafted in the order you are required to respond to the exam (which you will learn about just before the exam!)

They include:
- A full overview of all legal problems covered in the course.
- Notes in the exam format
- All relevant authorities
- Summaries of all landmark cases
- Notes where legislation is relelvant
- Contents page
- The major heads of power
- Characterisation
- Detailed overview of the tests of freedom of political communication

Contents page below:

Step 1: Judicial Power 4
Ch III – and relevant Sections 4
Original jurisdiction: s 75 4
Abebe v Cth (1999) 4
Hickman Principle restated in S517 4
Separation of Judicial Power 5
NSW v Cth (The Wheat Case) (1915) 5
R v Kirby; Ex Parte Boilermakers Society of Australia (Boilermakers Case) (1956) 5
Arbitral power 5
Judicial power and administrative tribunals 5
Legislative strategies to avoid Boilermakers (separation of powers and vesting judicial power) 5
**Exceptions to Boilermakers (IMPORTANT) 5
Persona Designata 6
Persona Designata and the incompatibility Doctrine 6
Casual Jury 6
Usurpation and interference 6
Exceptions to usurpation and interference include: 7
Impartiality, independence and integrity 7
Executive Power 8
1. Prerogative power of the crown 8
2. Nationhood power 8
3. Statutory power (not examinable) 9
4. Power to enter into contracts and spend money 9
Step 2: Characterisation 10
Characterising the law 10
Non-purposive powers (subject matter powers) 10
Test – Subject Matter Powers 10
Failure to characterise 10
Incidental Power 11
Implied incidental power 11
Express incidental power 11
Purpose Power 12
Test – Purposive or implied incidental powers 12
Dual characterisation 12
Characterising state law 12
Subject Matter Powers 13
The Race Power 13
Koowarta v Bjelke Peterson (1982) 13
Commonwealth v Tasmania (1983) (Tasmanian Dam Case) 13
Western Australia v Commonwealth (1995) 13
Kartinyeri v Commonwealth (1998) (Hindmarsh Island Bridge Case) 14
Trade and Commerce Power 15
Corporations Power 17
Constitutional Corporations 17
Scope of the Corporations Power 17
Implied incidental power and corporations power 17
Acquisition of property 19
Limitations and exceptions 19
Enforcement of Debt 20
Purposive powers 21
Nationhood Power > Also covered in executive power 21
External affairs 22
Physically External 23
International Relations / Relationships with other countries 23
Matters of International Concern 23
Treaties / External affairs 23
The Treaty 23
Implementing the treaty 24
Limitations 24
Grants Power – s 96 26
Step 3: Constitutional Limitations 27
1. Acquisition on just terns: s 51(xxxi) 27
2. Cth Laws and the states (Melb Corp – Intergovernmental Immunities) 28
Doctrine of intergovernmental immunities 28
Amalgamated Society of Engineers v. Adelaide Steamship Company (1920) (The Engineers Case) 28
Melbourne Corporation v Commonwealth (1947) 28
Victoria v Commonwealth (1971) (Payroll Tax Case) 29
QLD Electricity Commission v Commonwealth (1985) 29
Re Australian Education Union (1995) 30
Austin v Commonwealth (2003) 30
NSW & Ors v Cth [2006] HCA 52 (The Workchoices Case) 30
To summarise 31
3. State laws and the Cth (Implied immunity of instrumentalities doctrine – Cigamatic): ss 109 & 5. 32
Pirie v McFarlane (1925) 32
Uther v FCT (1947) – Dixon Doctrine 32
Commonwealth v Bogle (1953) 32
Commonwealth v Cigamatic (1962) 33
Re Residential Tenancies Tribunal of NSW & Ors; Ex p. Defence Housing Authority (1996) (Henderson Case) 33
To summarise 34
4. Trial by jury: s 80 35
5. Implied freedom of political communications: ss 7, 24 & 128 36
The Two Tests 36
Nationwide News v Wills (1992) 36
Australian Capital Television (ACTV) v Commonwealth (1992) HCA 45 37
Theophanous v Herald Weekly Times (1994) 182 CLR 104 37
1997 – The Freedom Clarified 37
Lange v Australian Broadcasting Corporation (1997) 189 CLR 520 37
Modified Lange test (1997) from Coleman v Power (2004) 38
McCloy v NSW [2015] HCA 34 39
New test developed in McCloy (2015) 39
6. S 109 – Inconsistency of Laws 40
Test of inconsistency 40
Cover the field test – Wenn v AG (1948) 40

Author

Emma

Campus

UTS, Broadway & Markets

Member since

July 2017